Notes on Kinetic Theory & Thermodynamics
Unit III: The Laws of Thermodynamics
Introduction, Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics.
Work, Heat and Internal Energy.
First law of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible changes.
Carnot cycle, Carnot engine & efficiency.
Carnot refrrigerator, Carnot theorem, Calusius-Clayperon Equation & Clausius theoem.
Second law of thermodynamics, Clausius theorem, Clausius Inequality & Entropy.
Entropy in reversible and irreversible process, principal of increase of entropy & the thermodynamic scale of temperature.
Third law of thermodynamics. Impossibility of attaining the absolute zero.
Maxwell's general relationship.
Application to Joule-Thomson cooling and adiabatic cooling, Vander-Wall gas, Clausius-Clapeyron equation.
Thermodynamic potentials, relation with thermodynamical variables.
Unit II: Liquifaction of Gases & Transport Phenomenon
Regenerative Cooling, Refrigaration Cycle and Adiabatic Demagnetization.
Mean free path.
Tranport phenomenon.Viscosity, thermal conductance and diffusion.
Unit I: Real Gases & Ideal Gases
Vander-Wall's equation of state, critical constants.
Joule-Thomson expansion, porus-plug experiments.
Unit IV: Blackbody Radiation
Blackbody, Spectral distribution of blackbody radiation, Rayleigh-Jeans law.
Ultraviolet catastrophe, Planck's postulates, Planck's law, complete fit with experiment
Stefan-Boltzmann law, Wien's displacement law, Newton's law of cooling
Notes: Unit III
Notes: Unit II
Notes: Unit I
Notes: Unit IV